Variety of Kimchi – How to Make


For my friends who do not understand written Korean 🙂

Kimchi has abundant vitamins and probiotics because it is made of vegetables and fermented. The name of Kimchi explains its own mechanism – 沈菜 – salted/pickled veggies. You can make kimchi with ANY kinds of veggies. Just dehydrate the veggie with salt, and then toss with the kimchi seasoning. So, here I would like to introduce how to make the seasoning, and some tips for salting.

I said “ANY” kind of veggie 🙂 Napa cabbage and radish are most common.

I washed, cut, and sprinkled salt on each kind.

Mustard green
Napa cabbage

There is no specific way of cut. Just cut them in good size for your bite. The cucumber above was cut in a special way (cylinder and cross) – the traditional cucumber kimchi way. It looks cool but a little bit inconvenient to eat for me. Some people prefer not to cut (especially leaf veggies such as Napa cabbage or mustard green) because it makes the kimchi look luxurious and the veggie can hold its juice more.

While salting the veggies, now it is time to make the seasoning. Kimchi seasoning reflects your territory (its weather and major products) and/or family traditions. I mean, it can be vary and any way would be fine as long as it is good for you. You can add lots of fish sauce, or little, more or less or even no pepper powder, starch made of different grains… Here what I made is a kind of average typical one. Feel free to add, reduce, or omit the ingredients along with your taste.

2 whole garlics and a quarter size ginger – grated
Starch porridge

The starch porridge is usually recommended for winter kimchi. It has two benefits: good for better fermentation, and stickiness. Starch porridge becomes good food for the microbes that facilitate fermentation. Summer kimchi is more like a salad and you may not expect the in-depth savory while winter kimchi must be well fermented. I always use starch porridge regardless the season because it makes the seasoning sticky and well tossed with the veggies.

2 TBSP of flour in 2 cups of water for the porridge

I used flour for the porridge, but Korean people like sweet rice flour or potato starch better. To my humble palate, they were not much different – indeed, I can’t tell the difference 🙂

I like the Three Crabs brand fish sauce the most!

Mix the grated garlic and ginger, starch porridge, pepper powder (2 cups – I love spicy seasoning), fish sauce (1 cup), and a little bit of salted shrimp and sugar (1 TBSP each). Again, this is “my” seasoning recipe. You may want to use less pepper powder or less garlic, more ginger, more sugar, no starch, etc. If you are the first time kimchi cook, try my recipe once and then adjust for your own way.

100 cooks make 100 different kimchi seasonings.

Different veggies require different salting time. Just observe and stop salting when the veggie becomes saggy. For mustard green, cucumber, and jalapeño, it took several hours. Radish and Napa cabbage take longer time (4-6 hours in summer, 8-10 hours in winter). If the veggie is too salty, rinse and soak the veggie in fresh water for a couple hours. Be careful not to crush the veggie while rinse, drain, and toss with the seasoning. If it is not salty, well, it won’t be the case because the veggie won’t get saggy without enough salt 🙂 Since the seasoning also include sodium (from the fish sauce), I would like to recommend rinse enough the salted veggie.

Last job is tossing the veggies with seasoning.

I added chives to the seasoning because cucumber and chives create good flavor together 🙂
Cucumber kimchi
I used “American” radish because it is easy to get.
If you go to an international grocery market, you can buy Korean or Japanese radish (much bigger and heavier in white color): radish kimchi
My jalapeño was too saggy 🙁
But it’s okay because it will be only me who can eat this extremely hot kimchi 🙂
Mustard green is sometimes used as an ingredient of seasoning with its robust flavor.
Be more careful in tossing mustard green. If it is crushed, it makes bitter taste.
Chives are added to this kimchi.
Last, but not least, the most popular, Napa cabbage kimchi.
Keep them in room temperature for a day before eating

I hope you to make and enjoy the healthy famous Korean food, kimchi 🙂

July, 22, 2022

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